Supermarkets faced new pressures in 1999 from supercenters, club stores and other formats intent on making market-share inroads.
The biggest threat came from supercenters, with Wal-Mart, Bentonville, Ark., by far the dominant force. In fact, Wal-Mart said in November that its supercenters are outperforming its broader business on both the food and nonfood sides. Wal-Mart operates more than 600 U.S. supercenters and, by some estimates, will have about 1,400 by 2005. Wal-Mart's supercen