Walmart fell short of Wall Street’s earnings forecast for its 2020 fourth quarter and fiscal year despite sales upticks in both periods, including robust e-commerce growth.
Food, grocery and health-and-wellness sales were bright spots in the quarter at Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club, fueled in part by grocery pickup and delivery, executives said. Meanwhile, the holiday sales period saw a strong opening and finish in spite of a lull leading up to Christmas, they noted.
For the 14-week fourth quarter ended Jan. 31, Walmart totaled revenue of $141.67 billion, up 2.1% from $138.79 billion a year earlier. In constant currency, there was no significant change, the Bentonville, Ark.-based retailer reported. Total U.S. same-store sales rose 2% (1.8% excluding fuel) year over year.
Full-year 2020 revenue, covering 53 weeks, edged up 1.9% to $523.96 billion from $514.41 billion in fiscal 2019, Walmart said. Revenue in constant currency was $528.1 billion, reflecting a gain of 2.7%. U.S. comparable-store sales in fiscal 2020 grew 2.6% (2.5% excluding fuel).
Walmart Earnings Miss
At the bottom line, Walmart posted consolidated net income of $4.14 billion in the fourth quarter, or $1.45 per diluted share, compared with $3.69 billion, or $1.27 per diluted share, a year ago. Adjusted net earnings per share were $1.38 versus $1.41 in the fiscal 2019 quarter.
Analysts, on average, projected fourth-quarter adjusted EPS of $1.43, with estimates ranging from a low of $1.34 to a high of $1.49, according to Refinitiv/Thomson Reuters.
Walmart said adjusted EPS in the quarter excludes an unrealized gain of 26 cents on its equity investment in JD.com, a charge of 15 cents from business restructurings, a tax benefit of 11 cents from income tax reduction in India and a charge of 15 cents from other income-tax matters.
Consolidated net earnings for fiscal 2020 came in at $14.88 billion, or $5.19 per diluted share, versus $6.67 billion, or $2.26 per diluted share in 2019. On an adjusted basis, Walmart reported full-year EPS of $4.93 compared with $4.91 a year earlier. The prior-year result excludes a net impact of $2.65 per diluted share from the loss of a majority stake in Walmart Brazil, unrealized gains/losses from the JD.com investments and a tax reform adjustment, Walmart said.
Wall Street’s consensus full-year forecast was for adjusted EPS of $4.99, with projections running from a low of $4.90 to a high of $5.05.
“In Q4, we saw strong performance in the U.S., with e-commerce and Sam’s Club plus strength in Mexico, India and China. We started and finished the quarter with momentum, while sales leading up to Christmas in our U.S. stores were a little softer than expected,” Walmart President and CEO Doug McMillon said in a statement. “The new year has started off well, and we look forward to another strong year. We remain focused on providing our customers with the best omnichannel experience from any retailer.”
Walmart U.S., Sam’s Club Gains Include Mixed Holiday Results
At Walmart U.S., fourth-quarter net sales advanced 1.9% to $92.27 billion from $90.52 billion a year earlier. Same-store sales were up 2% (1.9% without fuel). Walmart said the number of transactions rose 1%, while ticket size grew 0.9%. E-commerce sales surged 35% year over year at the top line and gained 2.1% on a comparable basis. Operating income fell 12.7% to $4.4 billion, reflecting $450 million in business restructuring charges.
Overall net sales at Walmart U.S. in fiscal 2020 were $341 billion, up 2.8% from $331.67 billion in 2019. Comp-store sales rose 2.8%, with no significant impact from fuel price changes. Full-year e-commerce sales climbed 30%. Operating income was flat at $17.38 billion.
On a two-year stacked basis, Walmart U.S. comp sales were up 6% in the fourth quarter, showing continued strength in food and consumables, Walmart noted. Similarly, Walmart U.S. eCommerce exhibited strong growth in grocery pickup and delivery, while Walmart.com turned in its highest quarterly growth rate of the year in the final quarter of fiscal 2020. As of the fiscal year-end, Walmart U.S. had nearly 3,200 grocery pickup sites and more than 1,600 delivery locations.
Also turning in gains was Sam’s Club. Fourth-quarter sales rose 2.6% to $15.29 billion from $14.91 billion a year ago. Comparable-club sales advanced 2.2% year over year, but the increase was 0.8% excluding fuel. Transaction count was up 4.3%, but ticket size decreased 3.5%. E-commerce sales jumped 33% at the top line and 2% on a comparable basis. Walmart noted that lower tobacco sales negatively affected comp results by about 300 basis points. Operating income declined 7.2% to $384 million.
The warehouse club chain closed out fiscal 2020 with net sales of $58.79 billion, up 1.6% from $57.84 billion in 2019. Comp sales gained 1.5% year over year (0.7% excluding fuel). The company didn’t disclose e-commerce sales growth for the year. Operating income climbed 8% to $1.64 billion.
“The fourth quarter started and ended strong, with solid sales growth through Cyber Monday and in January,” Chief Financial Officer Brett Biggs commented on overall U.S. results. “In the few weeks before Christmas, we experienced some softness in a few general-merchandise categories in our U.S. stores. However, Walmart U.S. grocery sales and e-commerce sales were strong throughout the quarter. Sam’s Club performed well, including solid results in e-commerce.”
Though holiday sales fell short of Walmart’s expectations, the company has identified the key issues that impacted results, according to Biggs.
“The holiday season delivered positive transaction growth and underlying expense leverage was strong for the quarter. However, it wasn’t as good as expected due to lower sales volumes and some pressure related to associate scheduling,” he explained. “We understand the factors that affected our results and are developing plans to address them. We remain confident in our business strategy and our ability to deliver value and convenience for our customers through an integrated omnichannel offering across the globe.”
Operating Income Impacted at Walmart International
Walmart International saw a 2.3% rise in net sales to $33.05 billion in the fourth quarter. In constant currency, net sales were up 2.2% to $33.04 billion. Operating income fell 5.6% to $1.11 billion and was down 7.7% to $1.08 billion in constant currency.
Fiscal 2020 international net sales dipped 0.6% to $120.13 billon but, in constant currency, were up 2.8% to $124.27 billion, Walmart said. Operating income dropped 31% to $3.37 billion, with the decrease slightly less at 28.5% to $3.49 billion in in constant currency. The company noted that disruption in Chile negatively impacted Walmart International operating income by about $110 million.
“We experienced softness in some key international markets, as well as in Chile, where unrest led to disruption in the majority of our stores,” Biggs stated. “Walmex, China and Flipkart all had a solid quarter.”
Looking ahead, Walmart projects fiscal 2021 net sales growth of about 3% (constant currency), with same-store sales gains of at least 2.5% (excluding fuel) at Walmart U.S. and about 3% (excluding fuel and tobacco) at Sam’s Club. The company forecasts 30% sales growth for Walmart U.S. eCommerce. Net sales growth for Walmart International is pegged at around 4%.
Walmart expects adjusted earnings per share of $5.00 to $5.15 for fiscal 2021. Analysts’ average estimate is for adjusted EPS of $5.22, with projections ranging from a low of $5.10 to a high of $5.34, according to Refinitiv/Thomson Reuters.
Walmart ended fiscal 2020 with 11,503 stores overall. As of Jan. 31, that number included 4,756 Walmart U.S., 599 Sam’s Club and 6,148 international locations.