In perhaps the most intense competitive period ever for the U.S. supermarket industry, Aldi stands out from the crowd.
Supermarkets were already grappling with stiff competition from multiple channels — discounters, warehouse clubs and drug, dollar and convenience stores, among others — when in August 2017 Amazon turned retail grocery upside down with its acquisition of Whole Foods Markets.
The e-tail giant’s entry into brick-and-mortar grocery led supermarket operators of all stripes to rethink pricing and store counts, enhance their in-store experience, and fast-track plans for online grocery shopping and delivery. Amazon’s disruption, too, has clipped grocery retailer stock prices, contributed to store closings and retailer bankruptcies, and pushed industry leaders like Walmart and Kroger to shift gears and step up investment in e-commerce.
Aldi’s winning formula: a curated selection of high-quality private label products in a compact store format at everyday low prices.
Aldi, meanwhile, is sticking to a formula that has propelled rapid growth and lifted the German hard-discount grocer into the top rungs of the U.S. retail grocery market by number of stores.
The retailer, whose U.S. headquarters is in Batavia, Ill., offers a unique, curated selection of high-quality private label products in a compact store format and attracts customers with hard-to-match, everyday-low prices and a simplified shopping experience that eschews promotional frills.
Now with about 1,800 locations in 35 states, privately held Aldi is more than a year into a $5.3 billion, five-year expansion program that will enlarge its store base by almost 50% and upgrade most of its stores. Dovetailing with that initiative is a major product expansion, announced early last month, in which 20% of items in every store will be new versus a year ago.
“Aldi is really clicking on all cylinders right now," says Aldi CEO Jason Hart.
CEO Jason Hart said Aldi has doubled its sales volume over the last five years and expects to double it again over the next five years.
Because of Aldi’s brow-raising growth and success with a well-disciplined business model that’s resonating with consumers in a time of industry turbulence, Supermarket News has named the company its Retailer of the Year for 2018.
“Aldi is really clicking on all cylinders right now. At a time when other retailers are struggling, Aldi is thriving, we’re investing and most importantly we’re better meeting the needs of our growing customer base. We’ve always been growing steadily, but more recently we’ve accelerated our growth plans due to the rising demand for Aldi,” Hart told SN in an interview.
“Customers recognize that the more convenient we can make Aldi and the more products they can buy at Aldi, it saves them more time and more money,” he said.
Aldi’s redesign features more refrigerated space for fresh foods and an enhanced produce selection.
On the growth track
Last year, Aldi opened 135 new stores, and in 2018 the retailer is aiming for 150 new locations. The company in June 2017 unveiled a $3.4 billion expansion plan that by the end of 2022 will broaden its retail base to 2,500 stores — serving 100 million shoppers per month, up from over 45 million currently.
“Our plans are to continue on this aggressive growth track by answering consumer demands regarding where, how and what they want to shop for,” Hart said.
In February 2017, Aldi embarked a $1.9 billion program to remodel and expand more than 1,300 stores by 2020. The remodels bring a more modern design, open ceilings and natural lighting plus more refrigerated space for fresh foods, including enhanced produce, dairy, meat and bakery sections. The chain’s stores average 12,000 square feet of selling space and keep the shopping trip simple with only five aisles to navigate.
“We’ve been investing heavily in our existing network of stores. We’re remodeling and expanding our entire network of stores over a three-year time period. What that’s doing is giving us a little more space to merchandise our products. On average, it’s giving us 20% more salesfloor square footage,” Hart explained. “It’s also modernizing the shopping experience. We open the ceiling up, bring in more modern LED lighting and create what we call the ‘Modern Market’ experience in store. And the customer who hasn’t been into Aldi before is surprised at how nice the shopping environment is for a discounter.”
More products, more fresh
The new-product effort — focusing on fresh, organic and easy-to-prepare offerings — will boost the selection of fresh food by 40%. Plans call for the rollout to run through early 2019.
“More and more consumers are coming into our stores, and their demands are changing quite rapidly. They want more products that are healthier for you. They want more fresh, which is leading us to expand exponentially our fresh produce, fresh meat and organic products — anything healthier for the consumer,” Hart said in announcing the product expansion last month at Aldi’s store in St. Charles, Ill.
With many of the new offerings, Aldi is looking to help customers make meal preparation easier. That includes more ready-to-cook and organic fresh meat; a bigger assortment of produce, including ready-to-eat sliced fruit; more organic produce; and new vegan and vegetarian options.
Aldi’s new-product effort will boost the selection of fresh food by 40%.
A wider array of convenience-focused, grab-and-go fare also is being rolled out to stores as Aldi adds refrigeration space. Customers, too, will find more easy-to-prepare meal starters as well as additional baked goods. Aldi said it also will have one of the nation’s largest selections of private label milk alternatives with the addition of organic almond milk, coconut milk and a full range of lactose-free and soy milk.
Hart noted that the product expansion spans Aldi’s range of own brands, including SimplyNature (natural and organic foods), Earth Grown (vegetarian and vegan foods), Specially Selected (gourmet specialty foods), Never Any! (antibiotic-, hormone-, steroid- and animal byproduct-free meat), liveGfree (gluten-free foods) and Little Journeys (baby care).
“All of those are the growing brands at Aldi, and we need more room for them. That’s why we’re doing this remerchandising,” he said.
For the new-product push, Aldi engaged in in-depth market and consumer research and tested new items in stores, according to Vice President of Corporate Buying Scott Patton. That effort included the “Aldi Finds” feature, which highlights food and household products offered in stores for a limited time and is intended to lure customers back to check out what’s new.
“We want to bring products to the customers that they want. Clearly, convenience, fresh and healthy were the trends that we identified. So that was our focus,” Patton said in an interview at the St. Charles store. “In the end, it’s not what we think should be in the store; it’s what customers think should be in the store.”
Power of private label
More than 90% of the products carried by Aldi are private brands, which Hart said has been the cornerstone of the retailer’s business model since entering the U.S. market in 1976.
“Private label is who we are, and it’s who we’ve been for over 40 years,” he said. “And [our brands] don’t come with the big, national-brand advertising budgets and inefficient distribution system. By having a carefully and purposely selected number of SKUs, this allows us to have much more volume per product SKU, which makes our suppliers more efficient and makes our cost prices better. Therefore, we can pass that on in lower retails.
About 50,000 product variants are tested annually — up 15% to 20% over the last few years.
“Our disciplined approach to simplicity and efficiency drives everything that we do,” Hart noted.
The focus on private label means quality control is paramount for Aldi. Its test kitchen is one of the busiest areas of the Batavia headquarters. “We’re extremely meticulous about product quality,” VP of Corporate Buying Joan Kavanaugh said in a tour of the test kitchen.
About 50,000 product variants are tested annually — up 15% to 20% over the last few years — and on average it takes nine months for a new product to go from concept to shelf.
“We’re finding that consumers are more and more accepting of private label,” Kavanaugh said. “Our goal is to make sure our product is as good as or better than the national-brand product.”
Aldi’s private label approach underlies what Hart said customers like best about shopping at its stores: the ability to save money on their grocery bill without sacrificing quality.
“When they come into the store, they are amazed by the prices and have the ‘a-ha’ moment at checkout when the cashier hits total and they thought the bill was going to be over $100 and it’s maybe $55,” he said.
“EDLP is the cornerstone of that. We’re very transparent and straightforward on our pricing. We don’t play the high-low games; the customer gets the best price without conditions. You get peace of mind coming into the store and picking up a jar of peanut butter and knowing that it’s a great price and a consistent price — not something where you have to come in for the Friday or Saturday sale or worry about having the coupon or the loyalty card ready.”
Aldi's product expansion includes it baby care line, Little Journeys.
In a Market Force Automation survey this year of nearly 13,000 consumers, 90% named Aldi as offering the best value for the money — ranking it No. 1 among U.S. grocery chains. Market Force’s 2018 U.S. Grocery Benchmark study had Aldi at No. 4 among the nation’s favorite grocery stores, based on customer satisfaction and loyalty. Aldi, too, came in at No. 5 in cashier courtesy and No. 3 in checkout speed.
“We’re able to get our selection of products in a store that’s much smaller than our competition’s — five aisles instead of dozens of aisles — and there’s an element of choice with our focused range of products,” Hart said. “There really isn’t a consumer-driven reason on why you walk to the peanut butter section in a grocery store and see dozens of SKUs. We’ve done that selection for the consumer. And it’s the best quality, it’s in the most popular size and it’s a great price. That just simplifies the shopping experience for the consumer, and that’s something loyal Aldi customers really appreciate.”
Aldi branches out
More U.S. consumers will be getting a taste of the Aldi experience. While most Aldi stores are in the middle of the country — with concentrations around St. Louis, Chicago and Cleveland — the retailer has expanded its footprint to Texas, Florida, California, the Carolinas, the Northeast and Virginia.
“The Northeast, Virginia and the Carolinas are where you’re seeing the bulk of new units opening up. At the same time, as Aldi has grown in popularity, we’ve found many opportunities to open stores in more mature markets like St. Louis, Cleveland or Chicago, where we’ve operated for decades,” Hart said. “The newest market that we announced, a couple of years ago, was Virginia. We’re getting ready to open a distribution center there at the end of the year. We’ve really increased our density in store count in cities like Richmond, Norfolk and Virginia Beach.”
Under the current expansion, Aldi will enter some new markets, Hart said, declining to specify. “You could look at the map on where we cover, and there are a couple of holes that we’ll fill in,” he said.
Aldi also is reaching out to more customers online through Instacart. The retailer piloted the same-day grocery delivery service in the Atlanta, Dallas and Los Angeles areas starting in August 2017 and then in March expanded it to Chicagoland, northwest Indiana and west toward Rockford, Ill.
“We’ve been very happy with that partnership, and the customer response has been really overwhelming,” Hart said. “I would look for that to continue to expand in our business as we’re ready for it.”
Aldi is well-known where it has a density of stores, while awareness of the banner and its distinct shopping experience is taking root in newer markets, according to Hart. However, the company is bullish that consumers who try Aldi will like it and make it a regular stop on their grocery shopping trip.
“Customers come to Aldi for the first time for the prices. They come back because of the quality,” Hart said. “That’s something you can’t just say to somebody and get them to believe it. They have to experience it or hear it from a friend or family. But the proof’s in the pudding. We wouldn’t be growing the way we are if our quality wasn’t top-notch.”
Retailer of the Year Honorees
SN’s Retailer of the Year Award recognizes outstanding accomplishment by a food retailer that boosts its business and serves as an example to the wider industry. SN has recognized the following companies since launching Retailer of the Year in 2003:
- 2003 H-E-B
- 2004 Kroger
- 2005 Hannaford
- 2006 Hy-Vee
- 2007 Safeway
- 2008 Kroger
- 2009 Stop & Shop/Giant-Landover
- 2010 Publix
- 2011 Wakefern Food Corp.
- 2012 Hy-Vee
- 2013 Sprouts Farmers Markets
- 2014 Mariano’s
- 2015 Aldi
- 2016 Wal-Mart
- 2017 H-E-B
- 2018 Aldi